So he would say “my synagogue would love to oust me” and he said “if they do I guess I’ll have to start meeting with the Brethren.” That’s what he used to say and, incidentally, Dr, Chafer did meet every Sunday morning as long as he was able until his wife became ill and she was ill for over a year and was in a coma, he attended the Lord’s Supper at the seminary held in the seminary on Sunday morning in which there was an open meeting. We tend to want to criticize other movements without having read them. Well now I’d like to set out the things I consider to be the Distinctive of Dispensationalism and we begin with the place that Dispensationalist like to begin, Capital A, the hermeneutics of the system. apantesin (meeting) in 1 Thess 4:17 One can find it in John Calvin. He translated the Bible into French. The Plymouth Brethren movement, basically a reaction against the established church and its ecclesiology, became known for its anti-denominational, anti-clerical, and anti-credal stance. -Dispensationalist Critic, George E. Ladd Now, you can see the reason for this theologically. For example, Martin Winegartner wrote a book, a very effective book on amillinism. Darby twice visited the country. Most of the Dispensationalists have been either Baptist or members of independent churches or Bible churches or Presbyterians like James H. Brooks and a number of others. the elders of a city going out to give a The first record of Dispensationalism in the USA is … Capital C, the Distinction of Israel from the Church. time, the good news of the, Matthew 10 7  As you go, preach this This is a living document; it’s not possible for any one of us to know it so thoroughly that we can always answer every argument. If everybody was perfectly consistent we would all believe the same thing I do. The Church Website Design Project, The Capital B, J. Dwight Pentecost, just a word or two about these men. He was a Confederate soldier, isn’t that nice, [Laughter], Confederate soldier. disciples, ``I tell you the truth, it is Dispensationalism is a term that arose in church history 6to label certain Evangelicals who believe a certain group of items that are taught in the Bible. He made the acquaintance of James H. Brooks who was pastor of the Central Presbyterian Church there who introduced him to Dispensational pre-millenism. It is used three A. J. He was ordained in the Church of England and worked there with remarkable success. But sometimes, I think, it depends on what is spiritualizing. I don’t know whether it’s used as a text now but in the days when in the fifties and sixties it was always required reading in the text. That’s a very interesting thing and I want to say something about it in just a moment. So let’s turn to our outline as I have it here. James H. Brooks was one of the editors of the Scofield Reference Bible; he was Presbyterian minister of the Central Presbyterian Church in St. Louis, very influential in the Bible conference movement in fact one of the leaders in the establishment of the Bible Conference Movement. These are parts of the system of normal or literal interpretation. There are always exceptions like that and there are a number of these but basically the movement on the whole has been Calmeniam; that is a mixture of Calvinism and Armenism. Both spiritualized….inaudible…I think you’ll find very rarely any covenant theologian who would accuse Dispensatiolists of spiritualizing Scripture, occasionally on the interpretation of some little phrase they want to point out you’ve abandoned your system at that point. But ordinary Dispensationalists are pre-tribulational rapturist. He was educated at … There is a part of the enemies of dispensationalism a frank acknowledgment of the benefits to the church of Dispensationalism. And being classified as an evangelist they couldn’t say look you’re not laboring within the bounds of the Presbytery. I know there are some people who would say you can be a Dispensationalist without being such but it is hard to find such. Dispensational Theology has been refined to some extent and tenaciously defended by Dallas Theological Seminary. Roman I, The Early History of Dispensationalism and we will begin with Capital A, the place of John Nelson Darby. And in fact Darby was not one of the original ones he was serving as a curette in the Church of England and was at that time a high churchman. His teaching has become enshrined in the Scofield Reference Bible, the most popular of all reference bibles, and the lifesaver of the Oxford Publishing Company during the last Depression. But the vast majority of Dispensationalist espouse the doctrine of the freedom of the will and usually, although not always, combine this predilection against unconditional election. William Trotter, Charles Henry McIntosh or CHM. There are far, far too many variations. It included Gentile salvation as well. But the ecclesiology taught in the Scofield Reference Bible is contrary to the Brethren ecclesiology not in the nature of the Church but in the offices and gifts areas and the meeting of the Church. He was converted in 1879 so he was 36 years of age. The Bible Conference Movement began with the believers meeting for Bible study which became the Niagara Bible Conference and this was about in eighteen sixty-eight and from eighteen sixty-eight to nineteen hundred and one, in other words about thirty years or more the Niagara Bible Conferences were some of the most significant of all the Bible conferences that formed part of that movement. I should mention this that Dispensationalism had a very strong influence in the fundamentalist movement in the early part of the nineteenth century because the Princtonians, men like Warfield and Maychent and others had very strong views of the nature of the Bible over the nature of the evangelical Christianity over the nature of the person work of Christ that were practically the same as these men who were Dispensationalists in the area of Eschatology and they combined in the opposition to the rise of liberal theology in the earlier part of the century. The interesting thing about it is that if the two agree on the method of interpretation and it’s surprising that they disagree so far as the results are concerned. You might have thought they would have been called Dublin Brethren because that’s really where the Holy Spirit seemed to move in the lives of some of the individuals who were involved. Dispensationalists are those who believe the following things: • The Bible is God’s inspired, inerrant (i.e., without any errors) revelation to man. It is contended by Dispensationalists that Covenant theology focuses too narrowly on the redemptive purpose of God, redemptive purpose of God, thinking that all the revelation may be subsumed under the categories of creation, fall and redemption. That does not mean interpret the Scriptures spiritually. in George Eldon Ladd) rejectspre-tribulationalism, dispensationalism's radical tenets, and its uniquelyJewish view of the 1000 year millennium. He knew Hebrew and Greek well enough to do that. From the historical standpoint it is a stage in the progress of divine revelation.” We’ll talk further about this but we’ll just let it rest at that point. And John Nelson Darby has since that time been associated with the so called Plymouth Brethren. This was something that was really originated by Dr. Charles Ryrie. enemies. Parsons was very prominent in the Bible conference movement of the latter part of the last century. Mr. Scofield had the skill of a lawyer and some lawyers, not all of them, some lawyers have a bit of gift of succinctness and precision and this work was produce by one who had those gifts and probably has been the greatest promoter of the system of theology called Dispensationlism among all of its promoters. “A dispensation is God’s distinctive method of governing mankind or a group of men during a period of human history marked by a crucial event, a test, failure and judgments. Capital C, the Scofield Reference Bible, Cyrus Ingersol Scofield who was born in 1843 is one of the most important men in the history of Dispensationlism. It’s one of the three or four that if you could prove that that was what the New Testement writer did you would have a very good point. Darby was born in eighteen hundred and died in eighteen hundred and eighty-two. saints meet the Lord in the air and I know when I first became a Christian some of my friends put CHM’S commentary on the Pentateuch and I read all the way through them, William Kelly and many others. Dispensationlism in the Bible Conference Movement largely won the day. When I was going through Dallas Dr. Chafer frequently referred to Mr. Scofield and in fact attributed the bible teaching ministry he had to Dr. Scofield who called him aside one time and said, “Look Chafer you’re not really an evangelist, you’re a Bible teacher.” Dr. Chafer had been an evangelist but he said “You’re not really an evangelist you’re a Bible teacher.” And Dr. Chafer said that was the thing that influenced him to think about Bible teaching into which he went and, ultimately, became the founder of the Dallas Seminary. Now, that is very important and that, I think, maybe one of the weaknesses of the system. Father we thank Thee for the opportunity again to consider things that have to do with the Divine Purpose and with our understanding of them, of it. And while there are some differences between Darby’s scheme and that popularized by Scofield, they are really very similar and in effect it’s probably true to say that what is represented in the Scofield Reference Bible and what is represented by the theology of Dallas Theological Seminary in particular in the general areas of theology, ecclesiology accepted, we have essentially the teaching of John Nelson Darby and the early Christian Brethren. creates an apartheid hereafter. The History of Dispensationalism. Dispensationalists distinguish the two elections, the election of Israel and the election of the Church. For the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus has freed thee from the law of sin and death.” For the impossible thing of the law literally we would paraphrase it as that which was impossible through the law in which or by which or in which it was weak through the flesh God having set his own son in the likeness of flesh of sin and for sin condemned sin in the flesh. Dispensationalist while they follow essentially the same method that John Calvin did though they sometimes arrived at entirely different conclusions, there is one thing they do not do and this thing is something that Calvin and others do, occasionally, do and that is that Dispensationalist do not spiritualize the Scripture. The Greek word Yet the He was educated at Trinity College, part of the University of Dublin. Listen to S. Lewis Johnson on Christian internet radio station, Expositor.FM. Darby was born in eighteen hundred and died in eighteen hundred and eighty-two. Now, when we use the term spiritualize we must understand what that means. One of the groups was a group of people who were from dissenting churches, that is, they were not members of the established church, Church of England, Church of Ireland, or Church of Scotland. But the reason for this is that shortly after the rise of these Christian Brethren, as they are called in Britain, shortly after the rise of the Christian Brethren a number of them gathered around the city of Plymouth in England and, furthermore, a good bit of the publication of their early literature took place at Plymouth and so that was the reason they came to be called Plymouth Brethren. One other….yes friend….inaudible question …. Frost, James Hall Brooks. Alright Lee……inaudible question. In particular, the teaching of a literal 1000 year reign of Christ on earth was taught from the earliest days. Now with reference to the passage in Hebrews 10, and also in Hebrews chapter 8, because the same passage is cited in both places if that depends upon how one constructs the Abrahamic Covenant promises because the Abrahamic Covenant promises have to do with Abraham, the land and also he says, “indeed shall all the nations of the earth, all of the families of the earth, be blessed.” That as the Old Testement unfolds is a reference to the promise of Gentile salvation through the seed of Abraham. In fact, its perfectly consistent with Dispensationalism to have a Calvinistic soteriology. They have had perhaps one of the broadest and widest missionary movements that have existed in the Christian church but they don’t publicize it. Now, you can find that supported by Dr. Chafer who is very strong on this point, Dr. Walvoord and also in Charles Ryrie’s writings. Capital D, Pentecost and the Inception of the Church. The setting of our talk was a breakfast at the 2000 meeting of the Evangelical Society in Boston--where John was assuming the presidency of ETS. Eph 3:10-11, 6. Dispensationalist teachers agreed that the biblical text was best studi… He has affirmed that he follows the principle of spiritualizing. brethren meeting Paul outside Rome). And while it is, I think, generally granted that the Baptism of the Holy Spirit by which all are baptized into the body of Christ can be substantially defended as occurring first on that day. Baptist until now, the, Luke 16 16  ``The Law and the Prophets For example, in Romans chapter 8 in verse 2 and 3, the apostle writes these words, “There is, therefore, now no condemnation to the ones in Christ Jesus. A dispensation in the Roman Catholic theology is a license granted by a bishop or another ecclesiastical authority permitting some act which in the absence of such dispensation would be illegal according to Canon Law, so a bishop or church official may grant a dispensation which is the freedom to do something that ordinarily is contrary to the Canon Law of Roman Catholic Church. But generally speaking I have some friends who are turning away from this but I don’t know whether they realize the consequences of it. And after service as the pastor in the small congregational church in Dallas, 1882-1895 which is now the Scofield Memorial Church, and in East Northfield, Massachusetts he returned to Dallas in 1903 and began work on the reference bible. One of the Brethren's most gifted teachers was John Nelson Darby (1800-1882), a former priest in the Anglican Church of Ireland, who developed a new variety of futurist premillennialism. Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the Now, you will find that in many additions of the King James Version, particularly, in the older editions because it was so characteristic of the interpretation of many people. Roman II, the Systematizing of Dispensationlism, then Capital A, Lewis Sperry Chafer. Now that’s true of most of us in whatever we do. Often people will say when they see a figure of speech in the Bible and maybe some dispensationalist does not recognize it when he should have and a critic will say, “You see he is not recognized what is clearly a figure of speech and his literal interpretation is not the kind of interpretation by which we could understand the Scriptures.” The system, so Dispensationalist affirm, is required by the laws of grammar and the facts of history and as a matter of fact you will find Dispensationalist often contended that this is the historic method of interpreting the Bible. It would be if what you said was true. through tribulation rather than keeping To the founder and first president of Dallas Theological Seminary must go the accolade of being the first organized and detailed systemizer of Dispensational Theology. Henry Parsons, William E. Blackstone, Blackstone is particularly well known because of his book on the second coming of Christ, which when it was written had such a wide distribution that if anyone wanted to discuss the second coming of Christ, Blackstone’s book was a required book for reading. this erroneous dispensational teaching Well as it turned out he was a man with a strong character and unusual abilities a very strong systematizer, very active, and vigorous and he became one of the outstanding leaders of this group of people. See main article Premillennialism. hard for a rich man to enter the. Yes, Wilfred….inaudible question… Well the difference was this that Mr. Darby believed in a kind of ecclesiology very similar to the chapel’s ecclesiology in which there was no office of pastor/teacher but gifted men as pastor/teachers. the sufferings of the world. We will spell that out in more detail in just a moment. prophetic interest in Israel to the Please speak loud enough so I can hear you I’m an old man and I don’t have the hearing aid yet thought Martha thinks I need one. prophetic interest in Israel to the But, for example, John Calvin wrote, “Let us know them that the true meaning of Scripture is the natural and obvious meaning and let us embrace and abide by it resolutely.” Now that is a statement that Dispensationalist can thoroughly agree with. Historic premillennialism may be tracedback to some of the early church fathers where it was sometimes termed"chiliasm." Dispensationalism is a complex theological system and there are numerous shades of interpretation. He confronts the views of covenant theology, historical premillennialism, ultradispensationalism, and, in this revised edition, the increasingly popular progressive dispensationalism These individuals were meeting for Bible study, for prayer, for discussion of spiritual things separately and finally became acquainted with one another and, ultimately, came to meet together. We’ve been talking about covenant theology called by many, reformed theology, because almost all reformed theology is covenantal. Now, I am speaking broadly and understand you may know some individuals who are very fervent defenders of unconditional election characteristic of Calvinism but who at the same time say I am a Dispensationalist. He eventually settled in Plymouth, England where he began to break bread with the believers there. [Prayer] Let us begin our study tonight. It’s likely that Pentecost’s book Things to Come has been the most influential treatment of a somewhat modified dispensational eschatology since Dr. Chafer. Before that time it was not know as a theological system. You read down the list of people who were editors of the Scofield Reference Bible you’ll see two or three different denominations and independent churches as well. It is doubtful if there has been any other circle of men [dispensationalists] who have done more by their influence in preaching, teaching and writing to promote a love for Bible study, a hunger for the deeper Christian life, a passion for evangelism and zeal for missions in the history of American Christianity. ``, Matthew 19 23. So the challenge to covenantal or reformed theology comes from Dispensational Theology. And while some would like to modify this or that feature about Dr. Chafer’s work, essentially, what is taught there is still that that is contained in Systematic Theology. However, it is abundantly clear from history that dispensationalism has roots that predate Scofield by at least eighteen the foolish virgins; Acts 28 the Shows the relationship between the book "Coming of Messiah..." written by a Jesuit priest named Manuel Lacunza and the origin of Dispensational Theology. And we pray, Lord, that as we study now, here, this evening that we may get a better perspective concerning the approach that has been made to the understanding of that which thou are doing in our midst through the centuries and today. But this is fundamental for the understanding of the distinction between Israel and the Church for Dispensationalists. Dispensationalists see the Church as having its birthday, its inception on the day of Pentecost a reason of occurrence of the Baptism of the spirit for the first time in that day. And if we listen to secondary and tertiary sources we frequently misunderstand and this is true of dispensational theology and well as covenant theology. Among the men who followed along in the development of the ideas of Darby and his friends were, perhaps you’ll recognize some of these name and perhaps you’ll not recognize others but for those of you who have read a lot in biblical literature you’ll recognize some of the names at least. Dr. Ryrie wrote a book a few years ago “Dispensationalism Today” published in 1965 actually twenty years ago but I remember the faculty meeting in which discussion took place among the faculty members over the fact that some people cannot help but misunderstand dispensationalism. So he was a remarkable man. George Ladd, a historic pre-millennialist, has written, “it is doubtful if there has been any other circle of men who have done more by their influence and preaching, teaching and writing to promote a love for Bible study, a hunger for the deeper Christian life, a passion for Evangelism and zeal for missions in the history of American Christianity.” That’s a remarkable statement from someone who wrote books against dispensational pre-millennialism. Spiritualizing is something else. They believe that the coming of Christ is in two phases one preceding the tribulation period the phase of our Lord’s advent to the earth following the tribulation period. Theological interpretation of Scripture is not much concerned with classifying other epochs of History return of Christ covenant can! These men this theologically these sermons be as Great a blessing to you as they have had perhaps of! Preserve the many sermons of the system of theology those are good things but we’ll have to but... 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