This was not to be done until after the conquest of that part of Canaan. Both were slain for their murders. An eye for an eye — What punishment the law allotted to the accused, if he had been convicted, the same was the false accuser to bear. 19. b. (See under Deuteronomy 19:14.) "This was to be no resort to ordeal, as in the customs of legal practice among Israel's neighbors. 1983-1999. John D. Currid — Deuteronomy (EP Study Commentary, 2006). (Deuteronomy 30:19) iii. One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established. “Jesus’ criticism of this law (Mt. Now if the LORD your God enlarges your territory: As Israel expanded, there were to be more cities of refuge. There is here another example of an oft-repeated pattern in the writings of Moses: "Thy land, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee ...", "Thy land, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee to possess it ...", "Thy land, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee to inherit ...". It has been a source of clarity on God's Law. Deuteronomy 13:4. The Decalogue clearly recognizes the right and the responsibility of private property. Christ himself appealed to this principle, pointing out that John the Baptism was a witness of Himself, that the Father in heaven was another witness, that the very works which Christ did constituted a witness, and that He of necessity bore witness of himself, being indeed "The Light of the World," because, in the very nature of light, it must bear witness of itself! When the LORD your God has cut off the nations whose land the LORD your God is giving you, and you dispossess them and dwell in their cities and in their houses, you shall separate three cities for yourself in the midst of your land which the LORD your God is giving you to possess. Among the Torah‘s books, it is the most vigorous and clear advocate of monotheism and of the ardent, exclusive loyalty that Israel owes God (Deuteronomy 4:32‑40, 6:4‑5). He does not say that the eye for eye principle is wrong; rather, He simply condemns the use of it to make it an obligation to exact revenge against someone who has personally offended me. i. Joshua 20:7-8 tells of the actual cities chosen; they fulfilled the plan of being evenly distributed perfectly. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. This, without doubt, is a moral precept, and still binding. There are three paragraphs in this chapter: Deuteronomy 19:1-13 deals with homicide and the provisions for cities of refuge; next is a very short paragraph of a single verse (Deuteronomy 19:14) regarding boundary markers; and Deuteronomy 19:15-21 are devoted to the subject of witnesses. b. 19:15-21 are devoted to the subject of witnesses. Of course, Wright in the instance cited above, is merely quoting, apparently without thinking it out, the wild and irresponsible charges of the critical scholars two or three generations ago, not knowing perhaps that the believing community graduated from that kind of exegesis a long time ago. The Christian should ever bear in mind that God Himself cursed that reprobate priesthood in Malachi, and, if that priesthood had possessed a single ounce of the pure devotion indicated here, such a thing would never have occurred! Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the Lord thy God giueth thee … Moses had already established Bezer, Ramoth, and Golan as the cities of refuge on the east side of the Jordan River (Deuteronomy 4:41-43); this command is to establish three more cities of refuge on the west side of the Jordan. In what cases of manslaughter the benefit of those cities may be claimed, Deuteronomy 19:4-6. UCG.org / Bible Study Tools / Bible Commentary / Bible Commentary: Deuteronomy 19. "Blood revenge was the police of the primitive Aryan and Semitic peoples. Each of the three cities on either side would be positioned as north, central, and south. b. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 7:16; 13:8; 19:13,21; 25:12). The thrust of this passage is to stress the policy that under no circumstance whatever is the guilty murderer to be spared. As Alexander said, "The law here was given while Israel was yet outside of Canaan,[11] and "they of old time," cannot possibly refer to Israelites who would set up landmarks after entering the promised land. Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee … Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary ii. This is a person who killed someone ignorantly or accidentally. You shall separate three cities for yourself in the midst of t… "When Jehovah thy God shall cut off the nations, whose land Jehovah thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses; thou shalt set apart three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which Jehovah thy God giveth thee to possess it. Also, such a conception was doubtless a help to judges who found in the role some suggestion of what constituted a just penalty for a given transgression. With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Bible Commentary Deuteronomy 19. DEUTERONOMY 19. i. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. a. Deuteronomy 19:21. You shall not remove your neighbor’s landmark: God here established and supported the basic right to private property. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. 19:12 "the elders of his city" This refers to either the city nearest the crime or the city of the man's residence. Our tendency is to want to do more to the offending party than what they have done to us. Containing Moses' final messages to the people of Israel before their entrance into the Promised Land, the book is rich in theological significance. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. This verse means that, upon entering Canaan, the ancient landmarks already there will continue to be honored as recognized boundaries. Property is the ability to maintain and support life, and there has never been discovered by any human society any way to get rid of property rights. The whole system of the cities of refuge was not designed to interfere with that arrangement at all, except in those cases where the killing was accidental, unintentional, and not premeditated. Obey them … Ye shall walk after the Lord your God. And our creature comforts are doubly sweet, when we see them flowing from the fountain of the promise. One may reduce private property to a slip of paper authorizing one to stand in line, change his address, receive food, or anything else, but then that piece of paper becomes private property, without which its owner cannot live. “The Jews inform us that the roads to the cities of refuge were made very broad, thirty-two cubits; and even, so that there should be no impediments in the way; and were constantly kept in good repair.” (Clarke), And this is the case of the manslayer who flees there, that he may live: Whoever kills his neighbor unintentionally, not having hated him in time past; as when a man goes to the woods with his neighbor to cut timber, and his hand swings a stroke with the ax to cut down the tree, and the head slips from the handle and strikes his neighbor so that he dies; he shall flee to one of these cities and live; lest the avenger of blood, while his anger is hot, pursue the manslayer and overtake him, because the way is long, and kill him, though he was not deserving of death, since he had not hated the victim in time past. There are two other important passages dealing with the cities of refuge: Numbers 35:9-28 and Joshua 20:7-8; a full understanding of the purpose and practice of the cities of refuge must be based on all of these passages. Wright and others misunderstand the passage totally, affirming that "they of old time," is a reference to the early fathers of Israel who established landmarks when the land was divided, and that, therefore, this passage is "an indication that the author is living at a considerably later time,"[10] than the times of Moses. Posted on Jul 24, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 3 minutes. b. 19 When the Lord your God has destroyed the nations whose land he is giving you, and when you have driven them out and settled in their towns and houses, 2 then set aside for yourselves three cities in the land the Lord your God is giving you to possess. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on Deuteronomy 19 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. 19:13 "You shall not pity him" This (BDB 299, KB 298, Qal imperfect) is a recurrent theme in Deuteronomy (cf. He especially points out that He will not tolerate idolatry. f. Both Jesus and the cities of refuge provide protection only within their boundaries; to go outside meant death (Numbers 35:26-28). Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "One witness shall not rise up against a man ...", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. The true religion has always recognized the rights of private property, with the precautionary truth that all property is "owned" by the children of God as "stewards of God's grace," and that they are responsible for its use in some manner pleasing to God. This isn’t just because it is possible for one witness to lie without having his story corroborated. 7:16; 13:8; 19:13,21; 25:12). Combining exegesis and application, … And those who remain shall hear and fear, and hereafter they shall not again commit such evil among you. Oberst summarized the instruction regarding the cities thus: "The appointment of the six was WHEN, but the appointment of the other three was IF; and the job apparently never got done!"[9]. This practice was based upon a correct understanding of Genesis 9:6: Whoever shed’s man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed; for in the image of God, God made man. 3 Determine the distances involved and divide into three parts the land the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, so that a person who kills someone … This chapter relates, Three cities of refuge to be appointed in the midst of the promised land; the land being divided into three parts, a city is to be placed in each, a proper way to which is to be prepared, Deuteronomy 19:1-3. If you refuse cookies we will choo… Exclusive Loyalty to God effect you. The Divine grace as those found in these verses the conquest of that part of Canaan 19:18. `` the asylum for the slayer death ; good, evil for that particular Deuteronomy verse. Or three witness to lie without having his story corroborated: God here commanded that murderer! On God 's altar set cookies in our domain, as in deuteronomy 19 commentary! 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