The line and staff sales organization is often found in large and medium sized firms, employing substantial numbers of sales personnel, and selling diversified product lines over wide geographic areas. Although line and staff may operate at different levels of an organization, all positions are defined relative to their line or staff function. Line–and–Staff Organizations In addition to task organizational boundary considerations, organizational structure involves the designation of jobs within an organization and the relationships among those jobs. Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. A wide variety of positions exist within a line-and-staff organization. These divisions don't exist in every organization, but are mainly in large organizations. Line and Staff Organization: This type of organization structure is in large enterprises. Privacy Policy, Similar Articles Under - Organizing Function. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Staff managers and line managers are distinguished on the basis of their role. The whole organization is divided into different functional areas to which staff specialists are attached. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division Introduction o Organisation is designed on the basic of principles of labour and span of management. The line executives are generalists and staff executives are specialists and they work … Allen has defined line and staff organization … The direct relationship is prevailing between the sub-ordinate and immediate superior.5. The line of command is carried out from top to bottom. organization with staff depart ments t hat offer support and advice. Corrections? Efficiency can be achieved through the features of specialization. Persons with specialized knowledge are appointed to help line officers. Line and staff organization is the organization structure, in which there is a normal departmentation of the regular business operations, and there is the functional specialist to perform specialised activities. There...…, Frederick W. Taylor, American inventor and engineer who is known as the father of scientific...…, Logistics, in business, the organized movement of materials and, sometimes, people. Line workers are on the front line of a business, handling the core corporate functions while staff workers play a support role and handle the behind-the-scenes work. Both line and staff organisations suffer from same drawbacks. The planning part is generally undertaken by staff personnel and line officers are able to devote much time for execution. Find out information about line-and-staff organization. When line and staff teams are not on the same page in terms of objectives or methods, there can be disagreements on who has the most authority within the organization. Staff groups provide analysis, research, counsel, monitoring, evaluation, and other activities that would otherwise reduce organizational efficiency if carried out by personnel in line groups. In manufacturing, line groups engage in work related to production. They consist of advisory (legal), service (human resources), or control (accounting) groups. It’s typical of businesses who need experts i… Although positions within a line-and-staff organization can be differentiated in several ways, the simplest approach classifies them … On the one hand, line organisation is autocratic and staff organisation, on the other hand, has lose control. A line-and-staff organizational structure features multiple layers of managers, assistant managers and supervisors, all of whom report to a single managing director. 3. to Managing Director, Secretary to Marketing Manager. There are numerous ways to structure jobs within an organization, but two of the most basic forms include simple line structures and line-and-staff … Relationships between individuals, groups, and divisions are based on lines of authority that are predetermined. Line and Staff Organization is a compromise of line organization. They provide technical information, advice, and opinions. Line groups have final decision-making authority regarding technical organizational purposes. By modifying organizational hierarchies to include staff functions, organizational capacity for processing information is increased without sacrificing lines of authority. Thus, staff groups create the infrastructure of the organization. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Staff groups are engaged in tasks that provide support for line groups. Line organization approaches the vertical flow of the relationship. However, studies indicate that although line-staff innovations may preserve the appearance of formal line authority, staff groups, particularly specialized staff, often in effect assume decision-making responsibilities because their lines of communication to upper management are shorter. A form of organization structure which combines functional subunits with staff officers in line functions Explanation of line-and-staff organization It is also known as the chain of command or scalar principle. By this method, specialisation is attained. Line and staff organization 1. Staff Supervisor- Operation Control Manager, Quality Controller, PRO. In the service sector, the line group is responsible for its customers. This always includes production and sales, and sometimes also marketing. LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION . Line and staff organization is a modification of line organization and it is more complex than line organization. These theories view decision-making power as flowing from a unified command structure. This naturally leads to power struggles between line and staff. They are directly involved in accomplishing the primary objective of the enterprise. The term was first...…. Authority, the exercise of legitimate influence by one social actor over another. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers. A "line function" is one that directly advances an organization in its core work. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. However, as organizations grow in scope and complexity, they need to be flexible in the extent to which coordination and control are centrally applied. These specialists stand ready with their specialty to serve line mangers as and when their services are called for, to collect information and to give help which will enable the line … According to this type of organization, the authority flows from top to bottom in a concern. The departmental head has full authority to manage and control of that department.3. Staff and line are names given to different types of functions in organizations. Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Emory University. His contributions to SAGE Publications's. Management Study Guide is a complete tutorial for management students, where students can learn the basics as well as advanced concepts related to management and its related subjects. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers. Updates? Some positions are primary to the company's mission, whereas others are secondary—in the form of support and indirect contribution. Merits of line and staff organization structure: 1. Line personnel are directly involved in the operations of a business. This is where we come up with a perfect combination to avoid these limitations, i.e. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Its purpose is to support and advise line department and to have an availability of technical specialists. This type of organization is most common in our business economy and especially among large enterprises. A line and staff organization is a mixture of the line as well as staff organization.. Line organization points out direct vertical relationships, i.e., superior-subordinate relationship connecting the positions at each level. It is more complex than line concern. Clarifying supervisory relationships reduces organizational dysfunction and increases effectiveness. The line-and-staff organization combines the line organization with staff departments. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are attached to the line … To ensure that line and staff personnel do work together productively, management must make sure both groups understand the organizational mission, have specific objectives, and realize that they are partners in helping the organization … commonly used organizational structure where direct lines of authority flow from top management and the lines of responsibility flow in the opposite direction Division of work and specialization takes place in line and staff organization. In this type of organization, the functional specialists are added to the line, thus giving the line the advantages of specialists. We are a ISO 9001:2015 Certified Education Provider. Line groups are engaged in tasks that constitute the technical core of the firm or the subunit of a larger enterprise. In a highly centralized structure, decisions are made by a few executives or managers and flow downward through the enterprise. According to this administrative organization, specialized and supportive activities are attached to the line of command by appointing staff supervisors and staff specialists who are … The line functions also generate revenue for the organization. While line authority relies on command, line and staff authority is based on command and advise. In some cases where the business fails to meet its objectives, line employees can blame their actions on the advice they received from staff positions, or staff employees can blame line … Communication failures, poorly defined responsibilities, and divergent interests create unclear lines of authority that lead to intra-organizational conflict and reduce organizational performance. Otherwise, the activity is related to the line organization. ... See full answer below of that department.3 core of the corporation positions exist within a line-and-staff organization CHAPTER-11... Advice, and authority for achieving the major goals of the enterprise their appropriate line units whether to the... ( accounting ) groups is most common in our business economy and among. From top to the bottom the Managing Director is a compromise of line organization structure: 1 divisions! Other hand, has lose control advice and council the line group is responsible for its.... 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