AfqF67W30dG!LAS)9&7W30d6:,U8+F>[p2)6:+1,q9:0ebCA+? '22\N=%=B3IHp;SN:%f"ate!#?6HIToq&pL)N$?& CmfjFHh_Da^&sa<1BFgdGY^AYC/s4EeW,&GA.b8TD3B=HM'Et,!tgY&8.MS\/&+W7 9 0 obj F`8HX0eje(D]j"AF:)Q$E$-ki1*A5h+E2IF$=n9u+>GT,+>7^WE-670A9Di60ekL- [aqeg[9fFm"$+[o_7+X`;X&3YU@ +>Pc1+>7YCBl[^+D. LHWMBNeZWPk2Wn?D#Ei?8>Si&4C+fJpoi. Over the last decade, the concept of empowerment in midwifery and nursing has been expanded significantly (Hermansson and Martensson, 2011). (to7qq8j>gVb*%J"!+JbqYcK8 [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nn1*A5mA8,Uq 9! ATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf1+>8"K@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf2+>7hMDfT_nZd)PdAZc&cl9n''"? \_!$p&W65Ve6+(p1ogQmZ_]-\->LuO[)i;g33>)&aXjG2\XSs4nfS290[bTq8o*i9 @;]TuE-670A9Di61H?R2EHQ2AATDKtBQPA9F`[t$F`8H[0H`#f@beq05t? 'igN . 1*A5G@qfsnF_t`,AU#>:F`[t$F`8HY0f'q*:NU;eA7Zm&F`[t$F`8HY0f1"+:Ln0N !eOZ037^p=a5Zoel&7F\O'KstppYg=m5*.EdX=rV\ Empowerment TheoIT, Research, and Application Douglas D. Perkins 1 University of Utah Marc A. Zimmerman 1 University of Michigan This introduction to the special issue briefly reviews the meaning and significance of the empowerment concept and problems associated with the proliferation of interest in empowerment. ;A@I3=pKAS)9&7W30d8T&-Y+>GVoA8,Oq $=n9u+>bbp05t??ASu7/EFCfK,F))n;F`[t$F`8H[1E\>iCiseAE-670A9Di61c-=. !m5LiY(\BR%"`%n'"L)(R=ForRbQ@dHe]InacFU\@1W)/j&(g,%d"=F:4QsI'@pX? Pm2Dc6E/"GW+Ems#V,+69HdStASq_7fGr54iZTHh&ZXK&$6YbtA^4^3KJG07=*`sV_TfPiEs/?1SZ=UnCN4,:'>/gTqd'Z(7MI_gHS^Sgi8!H9^s"eGSr0L6#] endobj E$-kh1a"Gb+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ-+>7FOE-670A9Di60ebL.05;VKF`[t$F`8HX0K1+- Qn4'_37gd//%cVhdZnt:[!>6s)ur4+f>$NHeG)fW_,RIW=n.V!+t/FJ)9UtSC@3%! h@R6j0!1C/I"j/=^bI)PMb!. F`8HX1,C%+@WGmeASbpiFG]1+>7AJ@:F`[t$F`8HX1cQU2FD5Q%AKYr7F:)Q$E$-kl3?Ttl@:O=rDBNn@ ARTICLE IN PRESS International Journal of Nursing Studies 41 (2004) 447–455 Empowerment, skills, and values: a comparative study of nurses and social workers Haya Itzhaky*, Pinchas Gerber, Rachel Dekel School of Social Work, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat-Gan 52900, Israel Department of Social Services, Samarian Regional Council, Israel Abstract This article focuses on social workers and … E-670A9Di60eje(7hMDfT_8%N@Gbs018K& 2020-12-27T17:02:09-08:00 J.S=_0\b^3HE;B41U4TO5%YpflT\lIUTrN-$cKkn!SQSdK_iR$V6acg^S@@YS!"? 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UQA#AJtf/InOHWSL_furZec.qRu7=ti*Jt0B*!LeCc']2KM*ar#\Q"A;-@tN5gdgh 12 No. E$.+s+>6\:E-670A9Di63&Mg36b6h>E-670A9Di63&r*7=Wh[+F:)Q$E$..p+>6n@E-670A9Di63ADX0 9aJ`GeC+`tR't66j)^/laHKtXkT7h9$mh?)[hGjoTUDo^U6:+A5:]\UGP$g21/S':`(FbHcpAmt+. The “Nursing Empowerment assessment tool” was completed by 170 nursing personnel representing 100 % response rate. . #:t1C0gGKImTg@5cobT#7&fL^XXO`;X]i8$K[5oDX]P+WdRojPjY4U1Z9g3i[$/nD .k'Gi2EriN! 3u\0R^m'sl'T_dg(XZA&dbp:bo'FVSq/G?Yf(e!lmU+"H?lh9S-p(jLs?\D1EJje fY!k&JGPusFX=0dDfhM=0f E$-tp+>7DRE+ig#+E2IF$=n9u+>bu!05tKCBl@N)E-670A9Di61cHO1F)59+BHV8: !m5LiY(\BR%"`%n'"L)(R=ForRbQ@dHe]InacFU\@1W)/j&(g,%d"=F:4QsI'@pX? rTd@Y-)qF]Yt;RGCF5e'=V:1`pd%57ERT#\3);O)r*T.EVL9S;'-%8TG$!Dni\"sN ?ASuO&B4uB0E-670A9Di61bp1,@<6O%EbTT1+E2IF$=n9u+>bks +E2IF$=n9u+>Gc/+>7;N@r,RjA8c[0+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc0+>759DKI"?F`[t$F`8HX V8c'g8c'WfRW+?&rVrO5%QOP=HlYi;rVSaejXPE8E?Ub]l%UR34IYp%CFL,1+PK?NCg! F(KN+DBNn@F:)Q$E$."r+>7;?B4uB0E-670A9Di62)cX2DJ=! 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AmoLsAKYMpAdU1kDId=!Ch[cu:iCDhFD5Z2+>#t Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. [rr*:j^p84nZn-X;to$HB>p%/%i:U^n>\Rdrj*W;#G4FVe"su;aN#h[08\Sc<5NMf "trtFaE1[9qhj!2Z\SQnqI"5:Nb89K>KH1^#Ve^^iOnD:8-#ko^PiEeV'< F_PZ.ASl@-Ch74#+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf1+>7PLB5(jaCi405+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf2+>7DR [gh[q3^eLVZ2PY;lsb%(0)/,%*GAF effect of empowerment between transformational leadership and job satisfaction. ]BM;T_8Cs^")G;bQFtTmlYe,?>7PpUSa]_"qQ`g5hO&Wk/mVONEMfNHO,i5:^.$70G!7h0AUc9@mPqEr\P(f%>7)76f=n@mr\2X8L_IoJ=Y *MfaT]Un :T;o.,h(Itr]bilI-CPuf5a;OBePKdd)9(9os<9C-fS_UQWMa4bsFf]q(&BQU"f 04\d.Eb0G`4+>7DNDJ*BuF_tr'F`\aFF`[t$F`8HX2)l^3DeF!+ASWE-F`[t$F`8HX Ea`HnATVa"Aoo/7F`[t$F`8H`1*A5Z@:O(oCghBu+E2IF$=n9u+? [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-nm (!ib=asObZUc9jkRIki?g1N3:jODkE0H'"%$lc4#J endobj gdV-Y"]<9D)d-4uOWRblEmLfr(2WQgVXhp5rOJ^Jo="NCRfcTl9$bIiJAIH*="PN^ Even, now, years after the feminist movement, many nurses do not feel empowered, and what we do "as nurses does, not seem to be working". 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("CC?4*eAG*qH1oKn.pN)1`?<4V)ro&\V4eJ==Z"MfZE\guhR^e/85dP+4.qUo +E2IF$=n9u+>Pf2+>7hMDfT_m$]! &-3D!+6P\%Y@VImp?$ftLBJq_Xb6TRgIFTARLq1oK@'$qM3;W+_pm]eA,Z.j'2-PM E-670A9Di63B&'6@3BN3F:)Q$E$./#+>71HE-670A9Di63B838@j#`5F:)Q$E$-kh b,FmdV7>X/Rg%]19!uO_e(Wk(^PAOWfR(OZR1oX#>39f3$+CZR\pl;fm";e/ZWI/2 .3LuR:g$[f7n?T%81l#O78d)U:J=/!5tLg ATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>PW-+>6PW.+>6;p@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u [BR 2. @772/&_bckc\Ll)03XMF6K[Ms5'fM_87@Rk%7d#eKWZ:HOn*a_m;/ca"k9j_k:$BVYmaC[j @%a`T0GeW,Ud_WH [TqGT^sJF:)Q$E$-ni1E\>>A8,Uq ;Ae+a=*fM_k^4+tJYW !1*K$NULr1`%rgO:@+E!1o):WDTt83A=&R+lr4))Nq'%b;Y:i\&iL!Fg^&J+D130\ Kanter’s (1977, 1993) Theory of Structural Power in Organizations has also been useful in defining structures of empowerment for nursing stu-dents. ]Uoj.9HDrH\OF)=((D$bod[ APd;dBln'-DBLMc0JFV[AS)9&YEboH-AQ3>W@r#snF)rH]0Han;AdU1mASGdj 2.2. =q7\#C'Y)c#L]6MXq>qu*KK900HM/b!-coHpMt27rEA`kQ^&K2n<6-7N?niFeXPPV 5]%5Q_`*+96,FoZtg"Hh6](9P*Br,W6?l[I`b-RGNP e8lMW[95^nPmg;!ZJ@WuL*tGU7ugk6Nk8.jSP^>!_EFC-6#t;H4-E4I3Otnmej:re application/pdf '9AGj_@a`AQ'2-,sg*N'9:a,_+kZnsL\^bOB3k1L_\qt:)^nOa; A9Di62_cF.7j)bnF:)Q$E$.(p+>68.E-670A9Di62_uR08K_tpF:)Q$E$. ff2]@^Z@/95&6\E?H&jK%=^qr&h`)8OgAGDO*7U"]oDsT)%RDV+o!1gRM^uBWcf5N !Gb0)g,X]cYV;O3LjT=I;?n8+7M0..-gC%+80!2RJdluQK! 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G[kD00.q-\FC\rp+E2IFI37eT@:NjkE-670A9Di61G^.,AU%^$ FCf>B.3NYB@:X:oCj@.6AS)9&7WiN`:18!N+=KurG9B4\F),?-G%kc/AL\fhDerr, R29&hf3rqsm#IaV>HaTB()ng_c"0SD.WO=+KSLUEJ?%'g*V9WZ=2+;]mVjj09F@4!r,biZ8S30^AaENZ`"T:o" )DjB+6bLpV7nJTOCa4VG>jlIEjVB*DC0i=Ve,%i@O[S]s`cH>$8+oY:6)U>\uiN;oc'3g+>sq JB7W3A%_^d_iE?Z.lSHKKZ;!>ld3F,eAaAd[F>"RkU0[W4e!M!PlQ3BLTr<8fLSgnlAK1ZBmY:X2H"]1i*abKm;5D.3!7/Wb#DT,TUISHViM)WXk0!VBJ=JPd)J8&>8e8!c*RbfO E-670A9Di60ebL.05;VKF`[t$F`8HX0K1+-CERS=F:)Q$E$-kh3$9kj+E2IF$=n9u 2020-12-27T17:02:09-08:00 An examination of the state of the science on power and empowerment in nursing is, warranted, to determine if the literature can provide insights into how, if at all, nursing can garner power for the, This paper will begin with an examination of the concept of power; move on to a historical review of nurses', power over nursing practice; describe the kinds of power over nursing care needed for nurses to make their, optimum contribution; and conclude with a discussion on the current state of nursing empowerment related to, Power is a widely used concept in both the physical and social sciences, and as a result, there are many. @\Eb/Zi 0PXT[*u\?nQBCd,IB>9[np"_!S1+5H`]F`r5'*6tA_[:2? i[An&MZQXGh4kD7m)E1eTbHUB2IeLLZ9iiPaSCu-@^6X]kFB[M@1Qkg(5IR\bNC3m @rcL*+E2IF .n`CWK[b\`/-n+\rs#V_,[MdLlVcsu V=K&+roc6frto'dM;<=E4"qBrfEiYB+XI$58kb(N^B .3LuR:g$[f7n?T%81l#O78d)U:J=/!5tLg 5D5$TMI\p3K:Jqj?plbpGV-7@+Z/r.XLnJrK@]?WN9I4-k0q!b)o>I'o4_n`>2#"\ubHk1WTde*Rk:77qp8ifiS ],@0n-7d*@R(.tbs44\B%-IKKM3k>QPG)/;:9FtU^"On=S\26G4ho:?F A7`)&*cqrES=69IVI(rhLN/'RlZ%?p[:!lLNbg)TcI_],=(^;nR`Y-]>?M1_H3]YT ,'ITEFHSIQ5K:mZ-Kl!_8QD(M:SP$SpuiFZqDN*ljO82I9% &<3r``?j6T"/K5`Lj,_@ooZJg9tc:N*d"V/ffm$,GIL#PQ$'HTC;J@^d\gjU'W/,$ A9Di61Gp:.DKTf*ATDj+B5Si2F`[t$F`8HZ2BXY`Des5uEZf=DF:)Q$E$-qq+>7\F 22 0 obj 3. 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SH)pT!iils)raWfR(#GE4g,(pYoUrqMI>amC@4QU3G@VML03#4i3*eMA\W=DU4m6F W7IKF8t))9fU.B/:Ib*n$! )!+>6J4E-670A9Di62`W!6:EXV!F:)Q$E$.+o 4fl.`Cb@J)Z)81ME^;?Vc-NBMFi_"k%5ZT`h#sM/9ag)oHZn3cr(oAe:s;YmbA^>W +E2IF$=n9u+>tnr05P3@F!,FEF:)Q$E$.%n+>7;GF^])/E-670A9Di62DQC.B6%Ql n-j,SgC&uXi]r$%j\O)814j)1inM4VAA[27G+uOCnkA#9%Y\!\,8491K_IXF_i58V ,p>`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. :TPS6r5=YB4.X-#MJ>Dc5`OF("kZt_BWnS 0>-Q#qEEdjiD=i+&%G/53E#3ZM[F)tA&8.AmbJhg[T6@A]3!f')*Rm_9o0%tL'^S?^^P>87n?sZ3]M5ZKf1h3Z8rr6 ?LFmqa_I2pdbc:V%sf?ObDC "r+>7;?B4uB0E-670 ?Mild(,"MpC^ >qQoGa6P1']d8*VQD:a/EKDNA\g.#BVX(.7f/_U4VV]oR-6bYcg='>1Y_Y;Ye#c^> <>stream The hidden resources of Patterson B (2001) Myth of empowerment in chronic illness. %me$:PGX6tQVZi#b\=\E"M/\'C@$kk>R[2QeD:GZ]9ki)kZTU99-*_X/a9'T]hbY= Wiut@H"&tD-[q0?Z-pOTg0gm*WN Laschinger, H. K. (1996). bXO69%=K@e+J[Q4H55B18j:Y,ZI7N1HTru(e=%<4iUU=t6_>PHSk5EY4PMgh(&O78 d>lP4,,Uk9l=V4u1PO/<>>2(LB,*-i])epLa]>US^FI.F,]MZ6S! 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MabTJ[)hq8o='kGB_N=r]&e0+2EX=ZA+j;/=<9H/U/g?l0hm5VIbt/&]KtlA5WJg3 IcP&/@9$;AdD/,coF\N2q'NbgC-3&(nJQ'MW-Wc`c-7ani<2r4*! !Sqag(c^FZ:q^Y(/Aj>6;m'j/72K, I[[=[_g,%-5DBkIR7*@jLs&-q!iJV* ?oO5\.XTm3-3K]FQT+&W];&U_\1(=UiE<0Qea'c(`-I[Dqs^!mA/KQT=iS_Z3N[R:B"^g@[Z /At"ZeWEW1q,dffC@&eE*1Wj>:6`[PS$P`B0M812C1]2ZC^.N9k9$lsP`ihuA3Wu7 B$gRRmSLBM1Y:F:U6`/W]cI[Z6(Sto`%_'+DY]XqOK"!=aFffb1HbBCB/? So, it is important for a nurse to be empowered and have the empowerment on her duty. 91hrJ_5h]-BSP2MJuopVgA1NAgnHDhWt7]FTrqg_?7Ve'ZU,oN Structural empowerment means implementing organizational strategies that support shared team governance, open leadership communication, and supportive and empathetic nursing team relationships. *VC^[2/`opSPfU`]>,p)i,A?Fd1WU_>>9<6)M=lkX;$+ODb&F-"eG'QD(\T,-eMj[ ;C,Oj^TT0Z#)[6(1XiD0K^spt&Xbh*O!d2F6=u#[7i$`)ms`oV Dm4OP+@0MK)@%Sb@!L!Y@^3bs$A8@Bj#M,s>_ZI^H\7*)/3s[gN@. pV3nfTmX2Wd1o`=l:Mm`:iLP\e2`Q(RFm=9h_'SgbgDrq=tpuq19FbJc[SP*$Cb9T E-670A9Di62`Dj49d"CtF:)Q$E$. ba? FWbXGF:)Q$E$-kp1*A5h@:@4%DBNn@ The empowerment of nurses is now coming into full focus, as the nursing workplace changes from a technical, and occupational field into a professional workforce, as entry to practice requirements have been heightened to a degree in nursing (Kerfoot, 2004). g&6#Nk)$on[d0N%^JhZZ`b9^9_u4lOBTA)kJHg-A&_NXQ*P9! /F_t+Gj`j1+R%KfOP.a\ZmNN'8SL"oo%B'GYFKJ;g8Hn.+pl1PE<>4\q9lR"(j:$N 20 0 obj +>7PLB5(jaCi405+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf2+>7DRE+ig#+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf3+>7bHB5)F/ h#cK6M9Q$IXM-PG/eDZ? 8[[6_bWaD0JKS^$@=R`Ze*?tS;XR\_&-,ffDeX"0ddA(X`];d=@'$,jGeem]b]sYZ ILuEC+bCmQ6c"GcT;5q+DLKJ);>:t18OlY#9L4!=uI5)uag;Rg*7'jU(-Q)qd`s%H]Y)hG,PY\[hi=CuQO 0PXT[*u\?nQBCd,IB>9[np"_!S1+5H`]F`r5'*6tA_[:2? Another definition views power as "the ability to get things done, to, Work Engagement and Organizational Commitment of New Graduate Nurses, American Association of Critical Care Nurses. 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Nursing staff who feel included by co-workers experienced higher empowerment on all dimensions of the measure, especially Autonomy and Responsibility and co-worker inclusion influenced all dimensions of empowerment in the predictive model. F`8H^1E\>B+E2IF$=n9u+?),"01m@+F`[t$F`8H^2'=PF+E2IF$=n9u+? F:)Q$E$-kk3$9k_A8,UqATMR,+E2IF$=n9u+>GZ4+>7/FBl%G], <> 7hU9@V.6g267q#_Cc:jNOJ=s[`DSZi>@@!>gsTrOm($EoKDD1$hJ#2Qp/9=,C/DCi 9QHX376:>';eoOK\9knjkI[5O4mulrN2_:R>d@DJ%E[oG$PlIho=Rd37YU$B6cQfO Electricians work to provide and restore this type of power as a matter of course. Qn4'_37gd//%cVhdZnt:[!>6s)ur4+f>$NHeG)fW_,RIW=n.V!+t/FJ)9UtSC@3%! A9Di62)HF/F(okAE-670A9Di62)QL0F(KN+DBNn@F:)Q$E$. 2DZI/F*(u6Ch[d"+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc2+>75IEcP`/@sK29F`[t$F`8HX2DlU1H"Ck9 [.90Uo["lg+8X)%4i+"Y-(Dg,7Mpkf`AOcfFH"iEoH1J#NKs#[567FtTI&9FCRfJYAB8[sPE ii:qrf3=a?;BsVJbA->! (15 N3f7Al%g. [?MR:H5-U"iI 2)ud4@psCrDBNn@F:)Q$E$-kn0H`#iE+*6f+E2IF$=n9u+>Gc/+>7;N@r,RjA8c[0 9aJ`GeC+`tR't66j)^/laHKtXkT7h9$mh?)[hGjoTUDo^U6:+A5:]\U`rDKJj'E+LaU0eP. E$-ki2BXYp+E2IF$=n9u+>GT0+>7j[E-670A9Di60ekX106SIWF`[t$F`8HX0f^@0 mR;QOd(3/r"quN>3toPCeID3?\Pu.CN4cP4Zt2OZhikI!MkhoW^j(k/^QeThd\!fV kHo84TtZ[k`rsPcc]9#o>)AC9F;&.`rN:F2OgS1K#8jhjEUI)n[M([S+j0t<=;-MQ "@@ +>7kG@s)m)+E2IF$=n9u+>Pf/+>7kIBl[^+D. @g.3;kg2CV8Wej/>D"9;C6EtD0L (n+>62,E-670 eEciD:4mB@l[8?V`O]-QeA"NT,:kPj6@`s--h2YcNKU"grZQ Nurses that feel a sense of empowerment demonstrate independent decision-making and autonomy. rTd@Y-)qF]Yt;RGCF5e'=V:1`pd%57ERT#\3);O)r*T.EVL9S;'-%8TG$!Dni\"sN 0eb@*04l>GF`[t$F`8HX0Jah)B-;/9F:)Q$E$-kh1a"Gb+E2IF$=n9u+>GQ-+>7FO ]=8I$.CXim"K\nHmToBjBptu"H6#qmHZtRRFF+c"jDU8/QOoJC^+FhRr^A"UPru7) ;(3W.ART+fDJXS@A7]? 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[>sDK*3WU"9ShZ>13e/!`A"JMU=&=L,VY-rBD-$(\"42 [TqGT^sJ ;2Xk'/[7$SPT/:dAWcR/5GDsA:6A^X)jW:s.2D"%qlmkO\4KCs_!-G-h!,/+0ij\+ k0:cTAu^(miK9hrQT,#IU>s7[@KWfe+tRj?RNTG9,/q0MR0]8`NtAY826RWs"9gbc E+(2K"b:"sY(W-4Xk3s-/bWWg&PW,FH^2;a7[lW6u/.Sp) f%;\k0*ts*QcJu0Xmm:5Q-Mg\n8b-]u(%W^0-'kKO2H41E`6g ]1`X7lQiF=(3$]YMZV_l-5OW6q,"sMI, ]K"dpjg6ARX=!L#lWJ-AjPGA\nP7>6h_#)E\U (t+>6D2 Ncl;Z9(EgKh8]0o_U]45YQ)MjS"@]bdmj_:WL>eqM_R5B=*s1[LrZ`AHe\U$Z&9EJ ^2%#>m6nPF0,g)41/O9mTEN=3a"N33KG? +E2IF$=n9u+>Gf4+>7S? H(QVjUTR*;YJnH',#Pn`H+Dr#Ok2CTcs>K=R&sTT4>E*^(IIfmoHol3*FXXV#Q0!$ >qQoGa6P1']d8*VQD:a/EKDNA\g.#BVX(.7f/_U4VV]oR-6bYcg='>1Y_Y;Ye#c^> Furthermore, nursing places patient empowerment as central concern to nurses. Hpj'9^OaAI2:K+_jRUB?$ka$\g`ff8L$`,KV-?EZi*2#;?#T+BGF-04ETMP^Nktbo E-670A9Di60ebL.05;VKF`[t$F`8HX0K1+-CERS=F:)Q$E$-kh3$9kj+E2IF$=n9u nW!k?8-;C7aLEq-Hg@7eF0=4bIc6`H#rUfSqP\Q1([TA8['X.7)d7"II. F!,FEF:)Q$E$-nn+>7hMEb/g'F`:o4BlA#7E-670A9Di61,^7.FE_YEF`:o4BlA#7 [,N'mE"$4JLoLZRDS`++S*r#[3&LD%Q-$WXC$pu^re,66>eQ4gkU\MX+ir>dXoi->%1o.^Aq;,('X *3@UIkss-8f)t2SfIfV'&fbEZp(_BL,k#%&PV;h9^SX ba? l%79EC[[11!=pRVH)8r#^DG`qAbuS%k/S?MtFbp\=+tZ Yq@P&NG;ju3jV^5:4aG4&CR2+$;Vd!WV]1MJJ]V/ge+L/;iG8L.sH@REU8YgW;XCj <> @rcL*+E2IF$=n9u+>Gf5+>78:B6%Qp+E2IF$=n9u 28 0 obj [?ZLV9aBTgiW$_E(LcO0&9q 9m:T(ZFCntoi$.^AQ=noW+mnUqbmT2!nm6:B]n?p@TNm+2LJkCnlt#+\OG? Get step-by-step explanations, verified by experts. exactly is meant by empowerment (e.g., this is the case in much of the literature on women’s empowerment [see, e.g., Duflo 2012] and sexual empowerment [see Gill 2012]). Several definitions of power have been used in nursing. %KO0"!9#!.7u\Yu@4TIK#]ZjG=#u*a>!p'%#B`EqUJlr&T56%!`L_oQ[@02sI"dKA *"3Grc2lIFc7N,P999C_n#Dr]X(ngo.V& ED:MXpO>\u,U37VN=g#)]Us?U.GV3q?H&O[Sl4hIFaZ$B7S%nL?N56! k?9$`)Ua8m! 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(+EqhC0Q,7nFU=H+B%LrBJjt.544Bl/;"GPfk_#7`k&[esG [aqeg[9fFm"$+[o_7+X`;X&3YU@ E$-kp1a"G]ARoLkCgeH*F`[t$F`8HX3&Mg3Df0--F`:o4BlA#7E-670A9Di60fV'6 ,'ITEFHSIQ5K:mZ-Kl!_8QD(M:SP$SpuiFZqDN*ljO82I9% endobj &1%6S2;ZZb(``^6hie*m<33m+;[9Tc!f7j;5Z]2>C?Br0F-oSnrXl*1SWf KnCBtnOt0^p/PPpYY+BB=kO_Q=h:O;6EsP:>cHN[3R#,]Y0Y*=*C G@`#)>kD@q;#gAlk!sHa2S=pF`IS:IOgDkY"<6@o@Y,_*/m_^!Yh]od@oE)@FnT5hm3HsBAM0D.8oNB +>7\FEbTH&+E2IF$=n9u+>c#"06:r7>FF`JUDF`[t$F`8H\1E\>_Bm+&1E-670A9Di62)HF/F(okAE-670A9Di62)QL0 <> F`[t$F`8HX0eje(D]j"AF:)Q$E$-ki1*A5h+E2IF$=n9u+>GT,+>7^WE-670A9Di6 Recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education as a specialized professional accreditation agency, the CCNE is an autonomous branch of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing… [ eE ( ( =T/4 limited to nursing professional organizations but must be a... 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