advance of religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa? Religious polarization is a real challenge in Nigeria, and it has likely increased. What counter-measures would have to be taken to stop the advance of religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa? The government has been unable to destroy Boko Haram or end … They have supported rebels in Mali and there are indications that they are also doing it in Nigeria and Somalia. We do not know everything yet, but some measures are likely to take hold. (function($) {window.fnames = new Array(); window.ftypes = new Array();fnames[0]='EMAIL';ftypes[0]='email';fnames[1]='FNAME';ftypes[1]='text';fnames[2]='LNAME';ftypes[2]='text';}(jQuery));var $mcj = jQuery.noConflict(true); You have entered an incorrect email address! From a non-religious point of view, this is mainly about long-term development. Examine Figure 13-1 and you will see that several countries in Africa are in this situation, including Nigeria , Africa ’s most populous state. It has two objectives: to analyse the role Christianity played in the TRC and to highlight certain consequences that may be instructive to future international conflict resolution processes. The parties involved may differ on the question of what role religion should play in the state. How do you explain this phenomenon? What role has globalization and social media played in increasing religious conflicts? © Yerepouni News (Managed by Alienative.net). On the other hand, thanks to globalization, governments can also improve their networks to implement de-radicalization measures. Such conflicts can arise in majority Muslim societies, such as Mali, Somalia or Northern Nigeria. https://www.dw.com/en/religious-conflicts-on-the-rise-in-africa/a-40645771 African governments must do most of the work with the support of other countries. This book examines the ambiguous role that Christianity played in South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). After all, if it is the word of God, how can one compromise it? Basically, one must distinguish between two types of religious conflicts. Firstly, we need to be aware that there are both religious and non-religious causes that must be dealt with at the same time. In inter-religious conflicts, the conflict parties differ in their religious affiliation - for example, Christians and Muslims. The many other dimensions and impacts of religion tend to be downplayed or even neglected entirely. They have an interest in creating branches in other countries. It is about spreading a radical version of Islam. For example, radical Muslim groups demand the introduction of Sharia law. If the various facets of weak states increase the risk of conflict… In the popular mind, to discuss religion in the context of international affairs automatically raises the specter of religious-based conflict. The recent attacks are nothing new as religious (and ethnic) conflicts have haunted the country for several years, reaching a peak at the end of 2012. Today, Africa is laced with some of the most obstinate conflicts, most of them constructed from differences in religious and ethnic identities. Privacy Policy | Several measures will be required but the good news is that some of these are already in place. But we should not expect that this alone will make a quick and sustainable difference. The GRI comprises 20 measures of restrictions, now grouped into the following categories:6 He recently published a study on the rise of armed religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa. It is about spreading a radical version of Islam. Boundaries between major religions that cross countries can be powerful sources of conflict, with serious implications for political cohesion and stability. Several measures will be required but the good news is that some of these are already in place. It encompasses colonial wars, wars of independence, secessionist and separatist conflicts, major episodes of national violence (riots, massacres, etc. In Burundi and Nigeria for example, Germany supports pilot projects through the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as well as the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ). All Christians are listed in one category regardless of their denominations. It is about good governance and security. A study by a German academic says religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa have been on the rise for decades. This can overlap with ethnic identities, and it is clear that heterogeneous societies are more vulnerable to triggering conflicts along these lines. Countries like Saudi Arabia or Qatar are spreading Wahhabism, or similar variants, which can indirectly create a radical ideology that leads to violence. In other words, governments and states must offer their citizens better prospects. In the Islamic history, conflict between religion and politics settled after the Abbasid revolution (750.A.D.) For example, radical Muslim groups demand the introduction of Sharia law. This can overlap with ethnic identities, and it is clear that heterogeneous societies are more vulnerable to triggering conflicts along these lines. For decades, religious leaders serve as a means of conflict prevention, mediation, and peacebuilding in East Africa. It is about good governance and security. A study by a German academic says religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa have been on the rise for decades. This is different from theological conflicts which are mostly about religious ideas. The Igbo massacre of 1966 in the North that followed the counter-coup of the same year had as a dual cause the Igbo officers' coup and pre-existing (sectarian) … In fact, this mutual suspicion and lack of cordiality among the various ethnic components explains why ethnic and religious conflicts have become a permanent feature of Nigeria as a nation as far back as 1980s … The counter-measures must be based on a careful analysis of the causes. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Researcher Matthias Basedau says weak African states are a major cause. when the Iranians, who made the revolution a success and subsequently assumed position of power and authority in the government administration, formulated the state policy of their liking. As a general rule, the process of conflict outbreak involves three … In this session, participants will engage with the German Ambassador to Tanzania, Ambassador Regine Hess, who presides over the long-standing and close relations between Germany and the nations of East Africa. Other Middle Eastern states are more likely to have an indirect influence. CONFLICTS AND CAUSES OF CONFLICTS IN AFRICA. Religion and Violence 1. Sub-Saharan Africa traditionally was home to a rather moderate form of Islam, for example, Sufism. On the religious side, one can carry out de-radicalization measures, thus strengthening peaceful interpretations of faith. On the religious side, one can carry out de-radicalization measures, thus strengthening peaceful interpretations of faith. DW: In your study on the subject of religious conflicts in Africa, you claim eight out of ten active armed conflicts have a religious dimension. Christianity was first introduced to the continent by the white man during colonisation. Legal notice | But we should not expect that this alone will make a quick and sustainable difference. Why are countries in sub-Saharan Africa so vulnerable to this kind of conflict? But of course, not all Muslims in these countries are radical Islamists. (14.12.2016), The Kenyan military has killed some 34 militants belonging to the extremist al-Shabab group in two separate operations. Among the believers of Christ, ther… In other words, governments and states must offer their citizens better prospects. In his article, ‘Conflict and Peace in West Africa,’ Cybil Obi identifies that: The roots of conflict in West Africa are much deeper and complex, and are embedded in the interplay of historical factors, socio-economic crisis, legacies of authoritarianism and the politics of exclusion, international forces, and local struggles . You also mentioned in your study that countries with a heterogeneous population and religious communities are particularly susceptible to religious conflicts. Please make sure to include your name and your country. What counter-measures would have to be taken to stop the advance of religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa? It also has to do with the fact that religious conflicts spill over from North Africa and the Middle East; either directly from Libya or Algeria or indirectly through the spread of more radical versions of Islam. Active radical groups have a more direct influence in North Africa, such as Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), or offshoots of the so-called Islamic State. Religious and ethnic conflicts are likely to escalate as two other northern states, Niger and Sokoto, have bills to enforce sharia law expected to take effect in May this year. Ethiopia was the first countryto adopt Christianity as a doctrine. The interview was conducted by Gwendolin Hilse, In northwestern Nigeria, a lethal conflict between the authorities and the outlawed Islamist group IMN continues one year after hundreds were killed in clashes. We use cookies to improve our service for you. Send us a text at +49-160-9575 9510. International SMS charges apply. Միլիոնաւոր ամերիկացիներ պիտի դադրին  գործազրկութեան  նպաստէն օգտուելէ, եթէ մինչեւ  շաբաթ  օր նախագահ Թրամփ  չստորագրէ պսակաւոր ժահրին դէմ պաշտպանութեան   Ներկայացուցիչներու տան քուէարկած   օրինագիծը: Նախագահ  Թրամփ  49  անձերու  ներում  շնորհեց, որոնց մէջ՝   քրէական յանցագորութեամբ բանտարկեալներ: Բրիտանիոյ  եւ  Եւրոպական Միութեան միջեւ Brexit-ի համաձայնութիւնը կը  մօտենայ: Արա Այվազեան-  Սերկէյ  Լաւրով հեռախօսազրոյց: 27 դեկտեմբեր  1346՝   ծնաւ    հայ իմաստասէր  Գրիգոր Տաթեւացին ( վախճանեցաւ՝1409): 27 դեկտեմբեր 1571՝  ծնաւ  գերմանացի աստղագէտ  Եոհան Քեփլըրը (մահացաւ՝  1630): 27 դեկտեմբեր  1822՝  ծնաւ  ֆրանսացի   մանրէաբան  Լուիս  Փասթէորը (մահացաւ՝ 1895): 27 դեկտեմբեր  1901՝ ծնաւ  ծագումով  գերմանացի-ամերիկացի դերասանուհի, երգչուհի  Մարլէն  Տիթրիխը (մահացաւ՝ 1992): 27  դեկտեմբեր  1923՝  մահացաւ ֆրանսացի  ճարտարագէտ  Կիւսթաւ Էյֆէլը (ծնեալ՝ 1832): 27  դեկտեմբեր 1925՝  ծնաւ  ֆրանսացի դերասան  Միշէլ Փիքոլին: 27  դեկտեմբեր  1925՝  մահացաւ  ռուս  բանաստեղծ  Սերկէյ  Եսենինը (ծնեալ՝ 1895): 27 դեկտեմբեր  1940՝   մահացաւ  հայ  հասարակական գործիչ Արշակ  Ջամալեանը (ծնեալ՝ 1882): 27  դեկտեմբեր   1998՝  մահացաւ  հայ  գրող եւ հրապարակախօս Գէորգ Աճեմեանը (ծնեալ՝  1932). We do not know everything yet, but some measures are likely to take hold. Sub-Saharan Africa traditionally was home to a rather moderate form of Islam, for example, Sufism. Countries like Saudi Arabia or Qatar are spreading Wahhabism, or similar variants, which can indirectly create a radical ideology that leads to violence. Somalia is one of the most unstable countries in Africa; it is also one of the most religiously homogenous countries on the continent. The rise of ISIS is representative of many key issues of geography in this region: the intersection of religious values, political instability, and control of territory and resources. Send Facebook Twitter reddit EMail Facebook Messenger Web Whatsapp Web Telegram linkedin. Conflict Trends in Africa – M. G. Marshall (2005) Page 1 of 28 African Regional Trends in Warfare and Political Instability The modern state system in Sub-Saharan African1 (hereafter referred to simply as Africa) is relatively new; only Ethiopia, Liberia, and South Africa were recognized as independent states From a non-religious point of view, this is mainly about long-term development. But we are also aware of examples of Christian rebel groups in sub-Saharan Africa who have theological demands. In inter-religious conflicts, the conflict parties differ in their religious affiliation – for example, Christians and Muslims. RELIGION AND CONFLICT IN AFRICA WITH A SPECIAL FOCUS ON EAST AFRICA Bjørn Møller DIIS REPORT DIIS REPORT 2006:6 DANISH INSTITUTE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDIES. (26.10.2016). In Nigeria the Boko Haram Islamists also frequently attack Muslims. They include the Protestants, Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Independent and non-affiliated Christians. As religious armed conflicts in Africa and elsewhere stem from a mix of causes, responses must include a variety of measures. Most Africans are Christians, but is Christianity an African religion? In Burundi and Nigeria for example, Germany supports pilot projects through the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) as well as the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ). First, policies need to address both the religious and non-religious causes. Other Middle Eastern states are more likely to have an indirect influence. This is a list of conflicts in Africa arranged by country, both on the continent and associated islands, including wars between African nations, civil wars, and wars involving non-African nations that took place within Africa. The parties involved may differ on the question of what role religion should play in the state. There is no conflict based purely on religion. «Նոյյան Տապան»-ի հյուրն է գրող, հրապարակախոս, գործարար Կիրակոս Գույումճեանը. The region is generally vulnerable to conflicts because many states in sub-Saharan Africa are often weak. A weak state allows these kinds of groups to be active in the first place - their radical ideology becomes more attractive to people if the state does not provide adequate public services and the politicians are corrupt. ... Th is religious map of Africa is the result of the encounters, over centuries, between the indigenous religions of the continent with the Arabs and the Eu- The Government Restrictions Index measures government laws, policies and actions that restrict religious beliefs and practices. Why are countries in sub-Saharan Africa so vulnerable to this kind of conflict? This book explains why conflicts in Africa are sometimes ethnic and sometimes religious, and why a conflict might change from ethnic to religious even as the opponents remain fixed. The contribution that religion can make to peacemaking--as the flip side of religious conflict--is only beginning to be explored and explicated. The region is generally vulnerable to conflicts because many states in sub-Saharan Africa are often weak. Although not necessarily so, there are some aspects of religion that make it susceptible to being a latent source of conflict. Such conflicts can arise in majority Muslim societies, such as Mali, Somalia or Northern Nigeria. African governments must do most of the work with the support of other countries. He recently published a study on the rise of armed religious conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa. Causes of Religious conflicts in Kenya Religious conflict in Kenya is in most cases linked to general intercommunal conflict and follows almost synonymous pattern as that of inter-ethnic conflict. DW: In your study on the subject of religious conflicts in Africa, you claim eight out of ten active armed conflicts have a religious dimension. 4.3.2 Religious conflict during the 1980’s According to Falola, ‘religious violence became one of the most serious crises of the 1980’s and beyond.’75 Falola argues that the religious violence during the 1980’s in Nigeria was a result of internal economic and political decay.76 He further argues that religious tension was building up from the 1970’s as a result of the role that religion played in politics. © 2020 Deutsche Welle | On July 9, 2011, South Sudan became an independent nation firstly, we need to religious conflict in africa! 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